Psychological testing — also called psychological assessment — is the foundation of how psychologists better understand a person and their behavior, to try and determine the core components of a person’s psychological or mental health problems, personality, IQ, or some other component. It is also a process that helps identifies not just weaknesses of a person, but also their strengths.
Referrals for Psychological assessments are generally from Psychiatrists, Pediatricians, Neurologists and GPs. Other sources of referral are from school counselors, principals and teachers. You can also ask for a consultation with the Clinical Psychologist if you feel the need for guidance on what assessment needs to be carried for specific issues.
Psychological assessment is something that’s typically done in a formal manner by a Clinical Psychologist. Depending upon what kind of testing is being done, it can last anywhere from 1 1/2 hours to a full day. Testing is usually done in a psychologist’s office and consists largely of paper-and-pencil tests.
The Clinical Wing at Prafulta reaches to individuals in distress by identifying pathology using authentic clinical diagnostic tools.
Clinical Testing at Prafulta :
1. WISC IV- It generally takes anywhere from an hour to an hour and a half to administer, and is appropriate for children aged 6 -16
2. WAIS – is administered for individuals 16 yrs and older.Both are effective indicators of intelligence. A cluster of scores indicates the presence of learning difficulty, emotional issues, pathological and perceptual factors which could be affecting academic work and daily functioning.
3. The Kamat Binet Intelligence Scale (KB) is most effective when the WISC/WAIS cannot be used for various reasons like language unfamiliarity and with a non-urban population.
4. The Vineland Social Maturity Scale – (VSMS) is a measure of the “development quotient” (DQ). It provides a fairly good estimate of development intelligence when the person (child) is unable to communicate for e.g. with autistic, physically and mentally challenged children and adults with profound mental deficits.
5. Seguin Form Board – It is useful in evaluating a child’s eye-hand co-ordination, shape-concept, visual perception and cognitive ability. The test primarily used to assess visuo-motor skills.
BASC 2 – A comprehensive set of rating scales and forms including the Teacher Rating Scales (TRS), Parent Rating Scales (PRS), Self-Report of Personality (SRP), Student Observation System (SOS), and Structured Developmental History (SDH). Together, they help understand the behaviors and emotions of children and adolescents. Also helpful in devising intervention strategies.
Personality Assessments identify psychopathology symptoms like depression, manic symptoms, somatic complaints, generalized anxiety patterns and thought disturbances. They also help in identifying the typical ways in which the person reacts to or deals with various situations. The test is a valuable tool for identifying clinical and sub-clinical conditions.
Tests available are
1. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI, MMPI 2)
2. Millons Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI III)
A projective test is a personality test designed to let a person respond to ambiguous Stimuli. It is relatively unstructured which allows the person being tested to have more freedom to respond appropriately.
Rorschach Ink Blot Test: Through a series of asymmetric ink-blots, the ROR reveals variances about a person’s psychodynamic state. It is an effective and intriguing projective tool to uncover unconscious conflicts and provides a clear indication of psychopathology.
CAT/ TAT: (Thematic Apperception Test – Children and Adults) provides valuable insight into psychodynamic conflicts and interpersonal relationships. A valuable tool for psychotherapy. Especially useful with children in identifying behavioral and parent-child relationship problems.
Carried out to assess the extent of impairment to a particular skill and to attempt to determine the area of the brain which may have been damaged following brain injury or neurological illness. It includes the formal assessment of cognitive function, an evaluation of the person’s mental status. Aspects of cognitive functioning that are assessed typically include orientation, new-learning/memory, intelligence, language, visuoperception, and executive function.
A. Bender gestalt
B. Wechsler’s Memory scale
C. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)
Clinical Scales.A variety of clinical scales are administered to diagnose clinical conditions and symptom patterns.
Clinical Scales available at Prafulta are:
A. ADHD – Conners Rating Scales
B. Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)
C. Depression – Becks Depression Inventory (BDI)
Information for Clients.
1. Please take prior appointments.
2. The testing process generally takes 1 ½ to 2 hours and for adult assessments it may go up to 3-4 hours. So it is imperative that you reach on time.
3. The tests are mainly paper pencil tests and do not require the individual or child to starve. Adequate sleep and food is necessary to maintain alertness.
4. Please also carry along with you previous medical and psychological assessment reports, if applicable. For children, also carry school note books and report cards.
5. Please wear glasses or hearing aids, if applicable.
6. Parents are required to accompany the child. Reports will be discussed only with parents.